ד׳ באייר ה׳תשע״א (May 8, 2011)

Menahot 60a-b – “Waving” the meal-offering and bringing it near the altar

Aside from the different ingredients that may have been included in meal-offerings, as described in the Mishnah onyesterday’s daf (=page), there also were different activities that were done to the menahot as part of the ceremonialTemple service, not all of which applied to each meal-offering. Specifically, the two activities were hagashah – bringing the offering to the altar – and tenufah – lifting or “waving” the offering.

 

The Mishnah on today’s daf teaches –

 

Some meal-offerings require hagashah – bringing near to the altar –but not tenufah -waving –some require bringing near to the altar and also waving, some require waving but not bringing near to the altar, and some require neither bringing near to the altar nor waving.

 

These require bringing near to the altar but not waving:

the meal-offering of fine flour,

that prepared on a griddle,

that prepared in a pan,

the cakes and the wafers,

the meal-offering of the priests,

the meal-offering of the anointed ,

the meal-offering of a non-Jew,

the meal-offering of women, and

the sinner’s meal-offering.

Rabbi Shimon says, the meal-offering of the priests and the meal-offering of the anointed high priest do not require bringing near to the altar, since no handful is taken out of them, and where no handful is taken out bringing near to the altar is not necessary.

 

The Gemara explains that hagashah – bringing the offering to the altar – which is written specifically regarding the minhat marheshet – the meal-offering prepared in a pan (see Vayikra 2:8), applies to others, as well, based on the passage in 6:7.

It required the kohen to bring the meal-offering to the South-west corner of the altar prior to performing kemitzah on the flour.

 

The requirements of tenufah, or “waving” the offering appear in the next Mishnah and are discussed in detail on daf 62 .