earthenware ovens

earthenware ovenThe ovens in the days of the Gemara were made of earthenware. The oven was ignited from below. Through a special opening, dough would be stuck to the sides of the oven for baking. Removing the bread from the oven was performed in a unique manner which, while not considered an actual prohibited labor, was viewed as a unique skill that was prohibited by on Shabbat.

This image was taken from the English edition of the Koren Talmud Bavli, Tractate Shabbat, daf 3, page 89.

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