Hyrcanus II

Eldest son of Shlomzion haMalkah and Alexander Yannai, he succeeded his widowed mother on the throne of the Hasmonean dynasty in 76 BCE, until he was deposed by his younger brother, Aristobulus II. This fracture in the royal lineage resulted in several sieges and civil battles, until the Roman Empire interceded. Julius Caesar appointed Hyrcanus II as a tribal leader of his people; the Maccabees recognized him as  but his brother remained King.

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