Meir ben Todros HaLevi Abulafia (c. 1170 – 1244, Burgos, Spain), also known as the Ramah (הרמ”ה, an acronym of his Hebrew name), was a major Sephardic Talmudist and Halachic authority in medieval Spain.
He was the scion of a wealthy and scholarly family. In his thirties he was already one of the three appointed rabbis on the Toledo Beit Din. As the Spanish kings gave the Jews more self-rule, Rabbi Abulafia played a substantial role in establishing ritual regulations for Spanish Jewry. He was also the head of an important yeshiva in Toledo. He was so highly esteemed in Toledo that on his father’s death in 1225 the latter’s honorary title of Nasi was applied to him.
Rabbi Abulafia was a prolific author. He wrote a huge book of novellae on the Talmud, entitled Peratei Peratin (Detail of Details). The only sections of this work that are extant are the parts on Tractates Bava Batra, Sanhedrin, Kiddushin, and the part on the fourth chapter of Tractate Giṭṭin, each of which are known as Yad Ramah (“The Upraised Hand” – a play on the acronym Ramah). He also wrote a commentary on Sefer Yetzira, entitled Lifnei v’Lifnim.