pardes

The term pardes, which appears in both Shir HaShirim and ohelet, has its origins in Persian, where it was understood to mean a garden. Subsequently the word made its way into many other languages, where it was used to express concepts similar to and yet very different from the original meaning. For example, gan eden is the Garden of Eden, which has come to mean Paradise. From Talmudic sources it appears that a pardes was understood to be an orchard made up of different types of trees. Some suggest that its main purpose was to serve not only as a fruit producing orchard but also for as a garden of beauty.

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