Rabbi Yoḥanan

Palestinian amora in the 3rd century CE, also known as Bar Nafaḥa – “Son of the Blacksmith”. He is associated with the blossoming of the Talmud in Palestine, and viewed as the embodiment of Palestinian learning. He was born into a prosperous family, but because of his preoccupation with the Torah, he was gradually forced to sell all of his property. He was tremendously erudite in mishnaic literature and traditions and blessed with great analytic ability. Because of his powerful personality and his methods of study, his authority was also accepted by the great scholars of Babylonia, who saw in him the mentor of their generation. Many of the important amoraim in Babylonia decided to move to Palestine in order to study under him.

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