Seferim Hashmona’im

The Books of the Maccabees. Scrolls not included in the biblical canon, though often referred to with regard to the Hasmonean Dynasty and the history of Jewish peoples during the first Judeo-Roman war.

Historical records reference only the first scroll – Sefer Hashmona’im I – which exists only in a Septuagint Greek translation. The author, though undoubtedly a Jew, is not named. The other volumes – II through VI – are generally considered homilies or additions to the first volume. References to any other volumes beyond the fourth one are from either the Arabic tradition or are merely brief personal accounts.

The Books of the Maccabees are considered valuable in relation to the works of Josephus, but beyond that hold no religious significance.

Read more in the Jewish Encyclopedia. For more debate on the veracity of the scrolls, see Wikipedia.

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